Road Safety

Young drivers

Driving under the influence of drink and drugs

In car safety

Railways, roads and flight paths

Cycling and walking

 
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Road Safety

By S5 and S6 many of you will be thinking about applying for your provisional licence or may be in a car driven by a sibling or a slightly older friend. It is important that you know the facts about staying safe on the road to make positive decisions in potentially difficult circumstances. Driving is a key life skill but it comes with a number of risks. As you explore road safety on this page think about what we have talked about in HWB with regards to peer pressures and protecting yourselves from unnecessary risks. Find out more about road safety statistics by clicking HERE or scrolling down this page.

THINK! provides road safety information for road users. Our aim is to encourage safer behaviour to reduce the number of people killed and injured on our roads every year.

 

Test Drive A Car

Play it now by clicking HERE

 
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Crash Magnets

Crash Magnets is a fun, interactive toolkit designed which provides case studies and statistics. It also contains a number of games including a driving simulator and a reaction timer.

Road traffic is the biggest killer of young people, with almost ¾ of accidental deaths involving people aged 15 - 25 years occurring on the roads. Using the road is an unavoidable part of daily life for many people and the ability to use roads safely is an essential life skill. This skill has to be learned and ‘Crash Magnets’ can play an important role. It is a new and exciting new approach to road safety education. It’s aim is to promote an informed and positive attitude to road safety amongst students, enabling you to become a responsible citizen and confident individual on the road. Crash Magnets allows you to discover the key issues surrounding road safety for yourself through a series of 10 online activities. These cover subjects such as driver distraction, speed, the cruise culture and drink and drug driving. The activities are combined with DVD clips of other young people sharing their experiences alongside facts and figures. You can also play one of our road safety games. Crash Magnets appeals not only to new drivers, but also pedestrians, cyclists or car passengers who could find themselves with a driver who may speed, use alcohol or drugs, or get easily distracted.


You can also try a number of interactive games at www.getinlane.co.uk

 

Saetbelts

Try our crash simulator by clicking HERE

  • In a crash you're twice as likely to die if you don't wear a seatbelt

  • Drivers and passengers aged 17-34 have the lowest seatbelt-wearing rates combined with the highest accident rate

  • There is evidence that people are less likely to use seatbelts on short or familiar journeys - this puts them at serious risk of injury in a crash

  • Drivers and passengers who fail to wear seatbelts in the front and back of vehicles are breaking the law

  • Drivers caught without a seatbelt face on-the-spot fines of £100. If prosecuted, the maximum fine is £500

  • It's your responsibility as the driver of a vehicle to ensure that all children under the age of 14 follow the seatbelt laws. If they’re not strapped in, you face a £100 fine for each unrestrained child. Anyone over the age of 14 is responsible for wearing their own seatbelt.

Young Drivers and Road Accident Statistics 2016

  • An average of 54 accidents a week involve a young driver aged between 17 and 25.

  • They account for 10% per cent of all licence holders, yet young drivers are involved in 20% of accidents.

  • Sadly, those accidents lead to an average of one death and more than 70 people injured every week.

  • Young drivers are still developing their skills. Their age and lack of experience put them in a very at-risk group. That means they are much more likely to be involved in an accident than an older driver.

  • Single-vehicle accidents are common among young drivers. Often they are the result of the driver losing control. The high rate of accidents means young drivers pay more for car insurance.

  • There were a total of 10,881 road casualties reported in 2016. This is 93 or 1% fewer than 2015 and the lowest number of casualties since records began in 1950.

  • 191 fatalities, 1,693 seriously injured and 8,997 slightly injured.

  • This was made up of 6,683 car users injured, 1,663 pedestrian casualties, 711 motorcycle casualties and 789 pedal cycle casualties

Mobile Phones

Watch the advice videos by clicking HERE

It is against the law for drivers to use a hand-held mobile phone, or similar device, while driving. It applies to all motor vehicles, including motorcycles, but not bicycles. It is also an offence to 'cause or permit' a driver to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving, or to use a hand-held mobile phone while supervising a driver who only has a provisional licence. 

  • Drivers using a hands-free or handheld mobile phone are slower at recognising and reacting to hazards.

  • Research shows:

    • You are four times more likely to be in a crash if you use your phone.Read research report

    • Your reaction times are two times slower if you text and drive than if you drink drive, and this increases to three times if you use a handheld phone.Read research report

  • Even careful drivers can be distracted by a call or text – and a split-second lapse in concentration could result in a crash.

  • It's illegal to use a handheld mobile when driving. This includes using your phone to follow a map, read a text or check social media. This applies even if you’re stopped at traffic lights or queuing in traffic.

  • It is also illegal to use a handheld phone or similar device when supervising a learner driver.

  • You can only use a handheld phone if you are safely parked or need to call 999 or 112 in an emergency and it’s unsafe or impractical to stop.

  • If you’re caught using a handheld phone while driving, you’ll get 6 penalty points on your licence and a fine of £200. Points on your licence will result in higher insurance costs.

  • If you get just 6 points in the first two years after passing your test, you will lose your licence.

  • Using hands free (e.g. for navigation) is not illegal. However, if this distracts you and affects your ability to drive safely, you can still be prosecuted by the police.

 

Drink Driving

Watch the advice videos by clicking HERE

  • It only takes a small amount of alcohol to affect how you drive.

  • That’s why Scotland’s new lower drink drive limit is just 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood.

  • Go over that limit and you are six times more likely to die in a road accident.

  • Drink driving can kill. Best not to risk it.

Driving the morning after drinking

  • You can’t speed up the process!!! There’s a mixture of mechanisms at work when your body processes alcohol, mainly enzymes in your liver doing their job of breaking down alcohol. This process can take longer if your liver is damaged or not working normally.

  • There’s nothing you can do to speed up the rate alcohol leaves your system.

  • “Having a cup of coffee or a cold shower won’t do anything at all to get rid of the alcohol,” says Dr Wallace. “They may make you feel slightly different, but they haven’t eliminated the alcohol in any way.”

Driving Limits

  • In England and Wales, the alcohol limit for drivers is 80 milligrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood, 35 microgrammes per 100 millilitres of breath or 107 milligrammes per 100 millilitres of urine.

  • The alcohol limit for drivers in Scotland is different than in the rest of the UK. In December 2014 the limit was reduced to 50 milligrammes of alcohol in every 100 millilitres of blood. The breath alcohol equivalent reduced to 22 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath.

  • The Scottish Government say they have changed their drink drive limit to bring Scotland in line with most other European countries, to save lives and make Scotland’s roads safer.

 

Helping at the scene of a crash

It’s easy in this situation to panic, but don’t. Just remember the letters of P.A.N.I.C.
Protect the scene of the accident, warn other vehicles, if necessary stop traffic altogether
Assess the situation, find out what has happened, how many casualties, how badly injured, which emergency service is required
Number of casualties
Injuries - find out how many and what type of injuries so the correct help can be given
Call the emergency services as soon as possible. If necessary get the next person who arrives at the scene to phone 999 and then get them to come back to the scene of the crash and confirm that help is on the way

Telephoning the Emergency Services

  • STAY CALM

  • SPEAK CLEARLY

  • SAY WHICH SERVICE IS NEEDED - POLICE, FIRE, AMBULANCE, COASTGUARD

  • GIVE THE TELEPHONE NUMBER YOU ARE CALLING FROM

  • GIVE YOUR NAME

  • SAY WHERE THE CRASH IS: STREET NAMES / LANDMARKS

  • TYPE OF CRASH

  • NUMBER OF CASUALTIES AND TYPES OF INJURIES

  • NUMBER OF VEHICLES AND TYPES OF VEHICLES INVOLVED

  • ARE THERE SPILLAGES OR RISK OF FIRE?

Passenger

  • Always wear seat belts in cars and coaches and do not distract the driver.

  • Know how to use buses or trains sensibly.

  • Always get out of a car on the side furthest away from traffic.

 

Cyclist

Watch the advice videos by clicking HERE

  • Have your bike checked regularly and know how to cycle safely.

  • Make sure you have taken a cycle training course.

  • Always wear a cycle helmet.

  • Make sure you are always visible to other road users by wearing bright and fluorescent items, and that your cycle lights and reflectors work and are clean.

Pedestrian

  • Walk on the pavement away from traffic or, if there is no pavement, walk facing oncoming traffic keeping well into the side.

  • Know the basics of crossing roads safely: Stop, Look, Listen and Think.

  • Recognise safer places to cross: zebra, pelican, toucan and puffin crossings, traffic islands, subways and footbridges.

  • Realise the dangers of speed and that it takes far longer for a driver to stop than a pedestrian, so never dash out in front of cars.

  • Know who can help, such as the police, traffic wardens, or school crossing patrols.

  • Know how to cross between parked cars if there is no other choice.

  • Know that being seen helps to keep you safe - wear high visibility clothes, light and fluorescent colours during the day and in bad weather conditions, bright and reflective accessories at night.

  • Never play football, rollerblade or skate on or near roads. Remember, pedestrians are particularly vulnerable as Road Users - especially pedestrians in your age group.

Passenger

  • Always wear seat belts in cars and coaches and do not distract the driver.

  • Know how to use buses or trains sensibly.

  • Always get out of a car on the side furthest away from traffic.

 

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